Artificial intelligence has been used extensively in a variety of applications in military procedures. Given the plethora of opportunities that artificial intelligence provides, it has not left any field untouched. It has a wide range of applications in every field. It makes work fast and accurate, its ability and efficiency provide an opportunity for minimalizing human labor required.
Unlike the dread that Hollywood and Bollywood movies like the terminator, robot, iRobot, etc. instill in people’s heads, artificial intelligence is very helpful in all kinds of applications in all kinds of fields.
Here, let us consider a few possible applications of artificial intelligence by military forces:
- Computational military reasoning
Artificial intelligence can be used in military reasoning, in making intelligent and logical decisions on the battlefield. Tactical artificial intelligence analyses the battlefield situations and creates sets of coherent orders (also known as COA or Course of Actions) which can be used to take wise actions during a war. This can train problem-solving skills. AI can come handy when the wartime is high, and authorities are unsure about their decisions. In such situations, AI can help analyze different actions that could be taken and can also analyze the consequences.
- Autonomous unmanned weapon systems
Artificial intelligence can be used in the development of special and powerful weapons, which are autonomous or unmanned and do not require any supervisor to launch them. They can work on a set of conditions and rules and launch various actions depending on various situations. They can also be used to automatically pursue and distinguish enemy targets and destroy them.
- AI-enabled data fusion, information processing, and analysis
Artificial intelligence can be used for useful processing of sensor and raw data. It can incorporate intelligent sensing as well as automation of data fusion relation to multiple senses and use them to enhance situational awareness. These kinds of deep learning algorithms can lead to rapid processing and can be used for sub-conventional operations in the future.
- War-gaming, training, and simulation
Artificial intelligence can be used in the training procedures of military applicants. It can be used to simulate war conditions to train mind and body and get the soldiers well proficient for when the real wars arrive. This can lead to better-skilled armies and increases the chances of success. Wargaming can help the respective individuals to train their war-related problem-solving skills and perform better and well-thought actions on the battlefield. Artificial intelligence can also be used to train soldiers and prepare them for using multiple weapons and battlefield machinery skilfully and efficiently, faster and more effectively.
- Tactical Applications:
Artificial intelligence can be used to identify mines and analyze them. Mine droning robots can also be trained to deactivate these mines as soon as they find them. This can save the lives of humans who take such risks.
Artificial intelligence can be used to identify enemy segmentation and provide maps of the mechanics and weapons of the enemy, this can also help to identify the hidden enemies.
Combat simulations can be used in virtual reality terms to train soldiers more realistically. Helmets with visors can be developed to provide the soldiers with special visual skills.
At present, in India, the research and development of artificial intelligence is preceded by the Centre for Artificial Intelligence (CAIR) under the Defence Research and Development Organisation. CAIR primarily focuses on artificial neural networks, situational awareness, and computer vision as well as network-centric decision-making and related operations with the use of knowledge based on and received from the data of battlefield tactics.
The major challenges of AI in India include the lack of physical infrastructure, a smaller number of researchers working on the available departments and elongation of research time, hence the delay of AI-related technological development in India as compared to the other parts of the world.