The Asian light electric vehicle market is predicted to grow at 7.0% CAGR during the forecast period with the market size reaching USD 52.8 billion by 2024. Different products including e-scooters, e-rickshaws, and e-motorbikes are majorly contributing to the light electric vehicle market size in Asia. The market has witnessed significant demand for products and services over the last few years due to technological advancements, government support, rapid urbanization and low maintenance requirements of these vehicles.
Insight by Product
Based on product, the market is categorized into two-wheeler, three-wheeler and four-wheelers, of which two-wheelers hold the largest share in the Asian light electric vehicle market. Due to the congestion in traffic of major cities or urban areas two-wheeler are mostly preferred by consumers, and with the shifting trend to electric vehicles consumers are rapidly adopting electric two-wheelers.
Light electric two-wheelers market is further categorized into e-scooters, e-bikes, e-motorbikes and others. E-scooters hold the largest share in the market due to the increasing popularity of electric scooters among younger generation especially working professionals and students. Light electric three-wheelers market is segmented into e-rickshaw, e-auto, and others. Most of the manufacturers are producing low speed rickshaws with top speed of 25km/hr. The high cost of development of high power/ high speed electric auto still leaves the category at nascent stage.
Insight by Voltage
On the basis of voltage, the market is 24V, 36V, 48V, 60V, 72V. Of all, 48V light electric vehicle hold the largest share in the Asian light electric vehicle market. Most of the e-rickshaws and e scooters are being developed with a battery of 48V thus leading to the largest share of the category.
Motor Technology Insight
There are different types of electric motors used in electric vehicles include s are DC brushed motors, DC brushless motors, Induction (Asynchronous) motor, Synchronous motor, Switched Reluctance motor. Of all brushless DC motors are found to be most commonly used in these vehicles as these motors require less maintenance and higher efficiency.
In BLDC mechanical commutation is replaced with electrical commutation. BLDC motor is a rotating self-synchronous machine with a permanent magnet rotor and known rotor shaft positions for electronic commutation. These motors operate better at higher speed which makes them popular among electric vehicles. Asycnchronous motors are preferred for high efficiency and speed regulation.
The increasing inclination towards e-mobility, and adoption of electric three-wheelers for public transport are the key trend observed in the Asian market. In the developing economies of Asia, large population is depended on the public transport for their daily commute. Auto rickshaws are the major mode of transport in the major urban cities of these countries such as India and Thailand. Auto rickshaw provide a cheaper and faster intracity transport in these countries; therefore, large population depends on it for the transport.
Although with the lower performance compared to the conventional auto rickshaws, electric three-wheelers are still being preferred for their low maintenance rate. Moreover, supported by government policies and subsidies manufacturers are able to provide these electric three-wheelers at competitive pricing, which further increases their adoption in the region.
Key factors driving the growth of the Asian light electric vehicles market are technological advancements, government support, rapid urbanization and low maintenance requirements of these vehicles. Technological advancements in electric vehicle industry have made light electrical vehicle affordable and increased their performance and efficiency. The major reason for the affordable prices of light electric vehicles is the advancement in battery technology.
Conventional autorickshaw owners are adopting these e-rickshaw and e-auto for public transport as it saves the cost of maintenance. The urban population in Asia prefers scooters and motorcycle for their daily commute as it saves them time and cost. This fuels the growth of the Asian market.
ASIAN LIGHT ELECTRIC VEHICLE INDUSTRY DYNAMICS
Key challenges faced by the light electric vehicle industry are high cost of battery manufacturing, lack of charging infrastructure and competition from high-performance gasoline-driven vehicles. The competition from the conventional vehicles is majorly in terms of its performance. Light electric vehicles have low power output and shorter distance covered, which makes these vehicles inefficient for the long-distance travel.
Among different countries, China dominates the market with more than 90% of light electric vehicle fleet size based in the country. India is the fastest growing market for light electric vehicles, owing to the rapid adoption of electric three-wheelers over last few years and increasing government support.
Market players in the light electric vehicle industry are investing capital to develop low cost light electric vehicles with better performance to provide them distinctive advantage. Some of the key players in the light electric vehicles market are AIMA Technology co., Ltd., Clean Motion AB, Eclimo Sdn. Bhd., Ningbo MYWAY Intelligent Technology Co. Ltd., UDA Motor Co. Ltd., Xiaomi Inc., Changzhou Yufeng Vehicle Co. Ltd., Zhejiang Luyuan Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd., Electrotherm India Ltd., Honda Motor Company Ltd., Jiangsu East YonslandVehicle Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Co.,Ltd. (SUNRA), Viar Motor Indonesia, Yadea Technology Group, STAR 8 AUSTRALIA PTY LTD, Jiangsu Kingbon Vehicle Co., Ltd, Hero Electric Vehicles Pvt. Ltd., Terra Motors Corporation, and TukTuk Factory.
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