|Status : Published||Published On : Nov, 2021||Report Code : VRAT9605||Industry : Automotive & Transportation||Available Format :||Page : 200|
The global fuel cell electric vehicle market is expected to be USD 1.8 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 14.5 billion by 2027, thus, anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 37.5% during the forecast period 2021-2027.
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are power-driven by hydrogen having compact size battery. Factors attributing to the growth of the fuel cell vehicle (FCEV) market includes stringent norms for carbon emissions, mounting adoption of electric vehicles in developing economies, substantially longer driving ranges than battery electric vehicles (BEVs), the launch of low-cost hydrogen-powered electric passenger cars to attract consumers, and rising need for better fuel efficiency. Nevertheless, the upsurge in consumer awareness about healthy air quality and the harmful effects of vehicular emissions will fuel the growth of the fuel cell electric vehicle market globally.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had an adverse impact on the global fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) market owing to the implementation of strict lockdowns globally, shut down of manufacturing facilities, and disruption in the supply chain. This has resulted in a decline in crude oil prices which went into the negatives. Thus, high prices of FCEVs and low prices of crude oil have discouraged people from purchasing FCEVs.
Insight by Type
Based on type, the global fuel cell electric vehicle market is divided into Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) and Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC). The PEMFC is the best option for automobile use and is anticipated to grow fast during the forecast period 2021-2027. It is a commonly used low-temperature fuel cell type to generate electricity from hydrogen and consists of a platinum catalyst that is ideal for vehicle use.
Insight by Range
Based on range, the global fuel cell electric vehicle market is bifurcated into short-range and long-range. Short-range is anticipated to witness the fastest growth during the forecast period owing to increasing demand for low-emission vehicles for short-distance travel. Furthermore, FCEV is being increasingly adopted in diverse applications i.e., transportation of goods within ports and airports and by e-commerce companies to decrease carbon footprint will have a positive effect on the fuel cell electric vehicle market.
Insight by Vehicle Type
Based on vehicle type, the global fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) market is divided into passenger vehicles and commercial vehicles. The passenger vehicle dominates the market owing to strict norms to stop vehicular pollution. Moreover, increasing per capita income in the emerging economies and rising demand for clean personal mobility will fuel the growth in the fuel cell electric vehicle market. For example, South Korea is anticipated to deploy 1,20,000 fuel cell vehicles by 2040.
Fuel cell electric vehicles have gained prominence owing to enhanced performance, short refueling time, longer range, superior power, and high torque. Moreover, the catalyst development will enhance durability in catalyst layer design, thus continuous technological development is the key trend in the global fuel cell electric vehicle market.
The strict emission norms, less noise mobility solutions, increasing adoption of zero-emission vehicles, rising concern for carbon dioxide emissions leading to reduced demand for conventional vehicles, and development in the fuel cell technology will attribute to the growth of the global fuel cell electric vehicle market. Furthermore, portable batteries, reduced time for refueling, long reach distance, initiatives by the government will fuel the growth in the FCEV market. Nevertheless, strict emission regulations in North America, initiatives by the government in developing FCEV technologies in Europe, rising adoption of electric vehicles in the Asia Pacific, rising preference for low emission mobility solutions in Latin America, economic growth depends on the adoption of electric vehicles in the Middle East and Africa will bolster the growth of FCEV market.
Challenges faced by the FCEV market include high vehicle costs and a lack of hydrogen fueling infrastructure that will hamper the growth of the FCEV market. Moreover, the high capital investment and high-cost components in FCEVs will increase the risk of failure and increases maintenance and repair costs resulting in impeding the growth of the FCEV market.
The increasing requirement for sustainable solutions leads to reduced dependence on imports for oil and reduces harmful emissions that pollute the environment are the opportunities that create growth in the FCEV market. The initiatives by the government like subsidies on the purchase of FCEVs owing to the adoption of electric cars and bikes and the launch of low-cost hydrogen-powered electric passenger cars will create opportunities for the FCEV market.
Asia-Pacific is anticipated to be the fastest-growing region in the FCEV market owing to the stringent emission norms. Moreover, many countries are investing huge amounts for the advancement of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Toyota Motor Corporation and Hyundai Motor Company provide fuel cell passenger cars, buses, and logistical vehicles in the region.
The key strategies adopted by the manufacturers of FCEVs are partnerships and collaborations with other automobile original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to strengthen their strong foothold in the global FCEV market.
Toyota formed a joint venture in China with five other companies for the development of fuel cells. United Fuel Cell System R&D, the joint venture fetched an initial investment of $46 million. The companies involved in the joint venture are Dongfeng Motor Corp., Guangzhou Auto, China FAW Corp., Beijing Automobile Group Co., and Beijing SinoHytec Co.
Daimler AG formed a $1.3-billion hydrogen fuel cell Joint venture with Volvo Group. The two auto manufacturers are expected to bring out hydrogen-fuel-powered commercial vehicles in the future.
Some of the key players operating in the fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) market: TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION, Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Hyundai Motor Company, ASHOK LEYLAND, Nikola Corporation, Daimler AG, Solaris Bus & Coach sp. z.o.o., SAIC Motor Corporation Limited, Tata Motors, and Volkswagen AG.
Source: VynZ Research