|Status : Published||Published On : Mar, 2021||Report Code : VRAT4085||Industry : Automotive & Transportation||Available Format :||Page : 175|
The global automotive piston pin market size is projected to grow from USD 259 million in 2020 to USD 314 million by 2025, at a CAGR of 4.0%.
The market for piston pins is mainly driven by the extensive production and sales volumes of ICE vehicles in all segments, including passenger cars, LCVs and HCVs. In developing as well as developed countries, the piston pin market has experienced growth.
Electric cars, according to industry experts, are the future of the automotive industry. Significant production and sales are still the focus of ICE vehicles, especially in developing countries such as India and most Middle East & African countries.
OEMs and Tier I manufacturers have also focused on designing and improving long-lasting piston pins that can handle or withstand all the loading or stresses applied during engine operations and the wear and tear involved. Therefore, the automotive piston pin market could be helped by developments in metallurgy and material science fields.
COVID-19 Impact On Automotive Piston Pin Market:
It is expected that the COVID-19 pandemic will have a significant impact on the demand for automotive piston pins. As the pandemic has disrupted the entire ecosystem, the production and sales of new vehicles have come to a halt across the globe. OEMs had to wait until lockdowns, which affected their market, were lifted to resume production. Hence, the output volume will need to be modified by vehicle manufacturers. Moreover, component production is also suspended and liquidity problems could be faced by small Tier II and Tier III manufacturers.
Automotive piston pins market is expected to see a post-COVID-19 decline due to the effects on vehicle production. A steady post-2020 recovery in vehicle production, however, will help the growth of this sector in the coming years. Piston pin producers have suffered from the outbreak, much like other businesses in the automotive industry.
Based on the vehicle type:
• Passenger Car
During the forecast era, the passenger car segment is expected to have the greatest share of the demand for automotive piston pins. The dominance of passenger cars in global vehicle production is the primary factor driving the passenger car market. The passenger car segment dominates approximately 80 percent of the total worldwide vehicle production. In addition to the common 4-cylinder engines, passenger cars also have 6, 8, 10, and 12-cylinder engines, which in turn drive the segment.
Based on the fuel:
During the forecast, the gasoline segment is expected to have the greater share of the automotive piston pin market. Due to the strict emission standards around the world, the growth of the gasoline segment can be attributed to the increasing preference over diesel engines. The life of gasoline engines is also almost twice the life of diesel engines. Gasoline engines require less upkeep. On the other hand, after ~5,000–6,000 km, diesel engines need service/maintenance of the components. Gasoline vehicles in the aftermarket need limited part replacement.
Based on coating types
• DLC (Diamond-Like Carbon) Coating
• PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) Coating
• Dry Film Lubricants
DLC has been used by the majority of piston pin producers as it offers outstanding surface hardness and strength during high loads and stresses. As well as titanium piston pins, DLC coating can be used on steel. Besides this, the DLC coating also increases lubricity. High production volumes of ICE passenger vehicles can be due to the development of the market. Most of these vehicles use piston pins coated with DLC.
LCV demand in Europe increased by 5 percent between 2018 and 2019, accounting for 2.5 million units, as per the review of vehicle production statistics up to 2019. Between 2018 and 2019, LCV production increased by 0.2 percent in North America, accounting for 4.7 million units. In the demand for piston pins, North America is projected to have the largest share of the light commercial vehicle segment. The primary reason is the popularity of pickup trucks from OEMs like Ford and General Motors in the area.
During the forecast era, Asia Pacific is expected to be the largest and fastest-growing market for automotive piston pins. Some of the main ICE vehicle manufacturers worldwide are China, Japan, South Korea, and India. According to OICA, the production of passenger cars in the Asia-Pacific region accounts for about 54 percent of the global production of passenger cars. Hence, Asia Pacific, led by Europe and North America, is the largest market for automotive piston pins.
Global Automotive Piston Pin Market: Regional Analysis
The study provides a thorough assessment of the growth and other aspects of the Automotive Piston Pin market in key regions, including the United States, Canada, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Mexico, Southeast Asia, and Brazil, etc. North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America are the main regions discussed in the study.
The study was drawn up after observing and analyzing various factors that determine regional development, such as the region's economic, environmental, social, technological and political status. Analysts analyzed the sales, manufacturing, and manufacturing data from each field.
For the projected period of 2015 to 2026, this segment analyzes region-wise revenue and volume. These studies can enable the reader to understand the potential value of investment in a specific area.
Market Driver: Substantial production and sales volumes of ICE vehicles
The largest driver for the global piston pin market is the continuously growing production of ICE vehicles worldwide, as piston pins are needed in any type of ICE vehicle. While most countries are worried about the pollution generated by ICE vehicles, ICE vehicles still dominate most of the automotive market. Lack of electric vehicle infrastructure and deficiencies such as short-range and high initial costs are the reasons why ICE vehicles are often the first option in most cities around the world, especially in developing countries such as India and the Middle East.
Restraint: Much anticipated growth of electric vehicles
The growth of the automotive piston pin market may be hindered by the growing demand for battery-operated vehicles to curb pollution. Mandatory emission standards to restrict NOx and CO2 emissions have been set up by the governments of many countries. In addition, demand for battery-operated vehicles has increased due to the increasing stringency of emission standards. Conventional engine components, such as pistons, piston rings, and piston pins, are affected by the rise in demand for electric vehicles. These vehicles run on batteries and different control units that not only increase performance, but also reduce emissions.
Approximately 26 percent of the overall greenhouse gas emissions are from the automobile and transportation industry, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). The growing emphasis on reducing vehicle emissions and increasing demand for fuel-efficient vehicles are compelling the creation of energy-efficient solutions by automotive OEMs.
Opportunity: Pistons pins will be required in CNG, LPG, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid vehicles
The need for alternative fuel technologies to minimize pollution from traditional ICE vehicles has been motivated by the growing prevalence of localized air quality regulations. Increasing demand for emission-free and energy-efficient cars, government legislation, oil price volatility, and vehicle conversions have forced automotive OEMs to develop alternative fuel consumption technologies. In this search, automotive OEMs and component manufacturers are finding ways to develop engines for improved fuel efficiency using renewable oil and gas resources Even, because of the lack of supporting infrastructure, most countries are not yet equipped for fully electric vehicles. Hybrid and plug-in hybrid cars will also experience development in the future. There is an ICE with the normal piston-cylinder assembly for all these types of cars, including CNG, LPG, ethanol, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid vehicles. Thus, during the forecast era, the growing trend of these vehicles will support the piston pin market. such as CNG, LPG, and ethanol.
Challenge: Designing long-lasting & lightweight piston pins and dealing with complex lubrication & maintenance
The primary concern in the design and manufacture of piston pins is the choice of material and size of the pin. Due to their respective mechanical and chemical properties, the metals that are commonly used to manufacture piston pins are steel alloys. Such attributes include thermal expansion, wear-and-tear resistance, strength, and density, among others. The piston pin should also be light in weight, so that the engine weight remains optimal. Thus, designing piston pins for customized specifications in lightweight and high-performance racing engines is a challenge for manufacturers.
In addition to designing pins, maintenance and lubrication often play a crucial role in the life of the piston pin. Piston slap is a condition that happens in the pin where the piston may become slightly loose and increase the engine's overall vibration when there is any adhesive wear. Also, manufacturers must use coatings for these pins to achieve the desired or necessary lubricity. Diamond Like Coating (DLC), for example, enhances the overall lubricity of piston pins, leading to better engine performance. With the aid of oil flying through the spinning crankshaft, the piston pins and cylinder walls are lubricated.
• Art Metal Mfg., Ltd.
• Avon Industrial Corporation
• Bohai Automotive Systems
• Burgess Norton
• Coker Engineering Ltd.
• CP Carrillo, Inc.
• Dong Yang Piston
• Elgin Industries
• JE Pistons
• Mahle GmbH
• Menon Piston
• Ming Shun Industrial Co., Ltd.
• Prabhat Engineering Corporation
• Rheinmetall Automotive Ag
• Ross Racing Pistons
• Samkrg Pistons and Rings Limited
• Shriram Pistons & Rings Ltd.
JE Pistons launched a new ultra-lightweight 2-barrel IMCA/USRA piston in March 2020. The piston is specifically designed for applications involving racing.
VynZ Research conducts extensive primary research to understand the market dynamics, validate market data and have key opinions from the industry experts. The key profiles approached within the industry includes, CEO, CFO, CTO, President, Vice President, Product Managers, Regional Heads and Others. Also, end user surveys comprising of consumers are also conducted to understand consumer behavior.
Source: VynZ Research
Source: VynZ Research